Karen is a Clinical Academic Fellow at the University of Queensland and the Royal Brisbane & Women's Hospital, Brisbane Australia. Karen's current research focus is preconception and early pregnancy care and improving pregnancy outcomes. Karen's neonatal research interests include thermoregulation, neurodevelopmental care and pain management of infants in neonatal care units. Karen was awarded her PhD in April 2012. Her thesis investigated the timing of transfer of premature infants from incubators to open cots. Karen is actively involved in not-for-profit associations and is current Chair of The Council of International Neonatal Nurses, the ACNN Low Resouce Countries Special Interest Group and the board of Cochrane Innovations. Karen is an active member of the Cochrane Collaboration, the Australian College of Neonatal Nurses and the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand, the peak multi-disciplinary scientific society for perinatal care.